9780297848325 – THE BATTLE FOR SPAIN; THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR 1936-1939. by Antony. Beevor

The Travail of War: Women and Children in the Years After the U. The home stood not far from the central plaza in Santa Fe. Recording at the court legal ownership was not an unusual custom, not even for poorer men or women; under Spanish laws dating back to the 14th century, women were allowed to own and retain property and dowries in their family name. The same practices also allowed women to retain their family names in marriage. As more merchants and traders arrived from the United States, some legally entitled by both the U. Illegal immigrants from the United States also flowed into Santa Fe, capitalizing on the need for manufactured items; their caravans out of Missouri and all the way down to Chihuahua City have sometimes been viewed as a positive development in frontier life. He hauled down the Mexican flag and unfurled the Stars and Stripes, declaring to the people of the town then the largest Mexican settlement west of the Mississippi , “we come to better your condition. Known as “La Tules,” she profited each time the lonely soldiers entered her establishment; they gambled and drank away their evenings after spending the day constructing a fort on the hill overlooking Santa Fe. In the outskirts of town, several resistance fighters plotted to overthrow the hated Euro-Americans, but each skirmish ended badly and no unified effort against the soldiers, their weapons, supplies and government vouchers proved successful.


During the Civil War, Ft. Anderson was constructed atop the old village site. Colonial foundations dot the present-day tour trail, which crosses the earthworks of the Confederate fort.

Covers the Spanish American War, the Boxer Rebellion, the Panama Canal, and U.S. intervention in Latin America. Includes many photographs and maps, as .

The English Civil War of the mid th Century was part of a wider series of conflicts that spanned the entire British Isles, involving Scotland and Ireland as well as England and Wales. The first attempt was made to unite the three nations under a single government, and the foundations of the modern British constitution were laid. From the signing of the Scottish National Covenant of to the Restoration of the Monarchy in , this site explores the turmoil of the Civil Wars and Interregnum, and the constitutional experiments of the Commonwealth and Protectorate period of the s.

Site Layout The BCW Project website is arranged in four interweaving threads that combine to produce a comprehensive view of the events, ideas and personalities that shaped the era. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License [Please read this if you want to use text from this site] Notes Unless otherwise stated, all historical dates are given according to the Julian calendar, which was used in England until During the 17th century, the Julian calendar date was 10 days behind the Gregorian calendar, which was used in many European countries.

Years are numbered from 1st January, though many 17th century sources number the year from 25th March. See this Wikipedia page for a summary of the problems of historical dating and calendar conventions. Throughout the site, historical or traditional counties are used for geographical location rather than modern administrative regions, in keeping with 17th century county designations.

However, all place-names are given in their modern spelling. All the information from the old site has been preserved, with many additions and enhancements, an improved navigation system, and a completely new design.

History of Barcelona

Playing cards were invented during the 12th century in China. These early cards were probably paper dominoes since the official Chinese record for the invention of paper was A. This historic paper compares Chinese and European decks of playing cards and includes a wealth of information. From Venice, cards made their way to other European countries. There are many mentions of cards from Ulm, Germany, in the late s and early s.

Connecticut in the Spanish American War. Bibliography: (As a service to our readers, clicking on title in red will take you to that book on ). Clerk of Joint Committee on Printing, The Abridgement of Message from the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress.

The father-of-three, grandfather and great-grandfather had the kind of life read about in books. He was among the survivors when a truck carrying soldiers was bombed at the battle of Ebro. He was caught and made a prisoner-of-war, and put to work helping the Nazis build an underground factory near Paris.

An attempt to escape failed when he was recaptured, but during his time in the camps he learned to speak five languages. As the Allies gained ground in the war Mr Cuadrado found his future in the hands of the Americans. They passed him and his fellow Spaniards over to the British, who shipped their prisoners to England. Mr Cuadrado found himself interred in an army camp near Adlington , Chorley. Two years later, after Mr Cuadrado became a spokesman for his comrades arguing with officials for their release, the men were freed and he settled in Bolton.

Sons of Veterans

Information regarding the presumptive location of the grave and the presumptive number and identities of the persons buried in the grave was collected from interviews and written records from relatives and witnesses, as well as from research at the penitentiary archive. Antemortem individual data were collected from testimonies, and from research from penitentiary, army and civil archives.

The consistency between data obtained from testimonies, archives, archeology and osteology allowed a targeted approach to DNA typing based on the assumption of the finding of a closed synchronic group. Two were the first genetic studies requested: A complete match between 16 Y-STR loci was observed for the four skeletons, as well as a match between mtDNA profiles of the biologically youngest skeleton and the sister of the youngest person presumptively known to be buried in the grave.

Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War) () is a painting by Spanish Surrealist Salvador í created this piece to represent the horrors of the Spanish Civil ng this work only six months before the Spanish Civil War had begun, he claimed he was aware of the war in order to appear to have prophet-like abilities due to “the prophetic power of his.

Republicans loyal to the left -leaning Second Spanish Republic , in alliance with the Anarchists and Communists , fought against the Nationalists , a Falangist , Carlist , Catholic , and largely aristocratic group led by General Francisco Franco. The war has often been portrayed as a struggle between democracy and fascism , particularly due to the political climate and timing surrounding it.

In early , the Nationalists achieved victory, and ruled Spain until Franco’s death in November Spain was thus left militarily and politically divided. The Nationalists and the Republican government fought for control of the country. The Nationalist forces received munitions, soldiers, and air support from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy , while the Republican Loyalist side received support from the Soviet Union and Mexico. Other countries, such as the United Kingdom , France , and the United States , continued to recognize the Republican government, but followed an official policy of non-intervention.

Notwithstanding this policy, tens of thousands of citizens from non-interventionist countries directly participated in the conflict. They fought mostly in the pro-Republican International Brigades , which also included several thousand exiles from pro-Nationalist regimes. The Nationalists advanced from their strongholds in the south and west, capturing most of Spain’s northern coastline in They also besieged Madrid and the area to its south and west for much of the war.

After much of Catalonia was captured in and , and Madrid cut off from Barcelona, the Republican military position became hopeless. Madrid and Barcelona were occupied without resistance, Franco declared victory and his regime received diplomatic recognition from all non-interventionist governments.

Pond Spring

Europe The ethics and etiquette of war tourism come into focus on a regular basis. But seems to be a particularly pertinent year for the question of what counts as respectful remembrance of the dead — and what as gawping at the spilled blood of generations past. This month marks, of course, the centenary of the Battle of the Somme — surely the most destructive of the patches of gunfire which comprised the muddy tapestry of the First World War.

But it also denotes 80 years since the start of the Spanish Civil War — the internecine fight which is deemed to have begun with a military uprising on July 17

Maine Forts & Other Historic Sites. Colonial Pemaquid is situated on a point of land at the mouth of the Pemaquid River in Bristol. Extensive archaeological excavations have unearthed 14 foundations of 17th and 18th century structures and the officers’ quarters for Fort William Henry and Fort Frederick.

Some of the men interred at the camp made their homes locally and brought up families here including Pedro Cuadrado who was a much loved character in Bolton and well known for his Halliwell Road bar Pedro’s Taverna. Adlington Library has an exhibition running until June 12 entitled “Heath Charnock’s Green Men” telling the story of the Spanish anti-fascist prisoners of war at the Hall o’ th’ Hill Camp.

One of the contributors to the exhibition is Lisa Croft who lives in Westhoughton. Her grandmother was a local journalist and wrote articles about the men and had a local artist do sketches to illustrate the stories. Pedro Cuadrado died in aged His life story was recorded and stored at the Imperial War Museum for future generations to learn more about what happened to him and other Spanish men.

The father-of-three, grandfather and great-grandfather was among the survivors when a truck carrying soldiers was bombed at the battle of Ebro.

Civil war survivor who opened taverna dies, at 88

With the eruption of war between Carthage , a Phoenician colony in North Africa and the Greeks , the Carthaginians begin extending their influence in Iberia, creating the city of New Carthage Cartagena , in hopes of creating a trading empire. Following the First Punic War with Rome , in BC, Hamilcar Barca , the famous Carthaginian general, then began the conquest of Turdetania the successor state of Tartessus and Gades to provide a springboard for further attacks on Rome.

Hamilcar entrusted the conquest and military governance of the region to his son Hasdrubal the Fair — his other son, Hannibal , would march his troops across Hispania with elephants to lead them on Rome in the Second Punic War. During that war, Rome declared Hispania to be a Roman provincia in BC, beginning a century-long campaign to subdue the people of Iberia to Roman. Relief from Trajan’s Column , depicting the Hispanic-born Emperor ‘s military successes.

Attack by Carolina (See Defenses of St. Augustine) In Europe the War of Spanish Succession would break out. In America it is known as Queen Anne’s War with Spain and France against Britain.

Click on any thumbnail for a larger image. Extremely rare, small arsenal in Richmond, Confederate “Raker” spur with the small CS mark on the side. It was recovered near Richmond, Virginia, many years ago. It is quite heavy in construction and is believed to have been a product of a small arsenal in Richmond, Virginia. This example is an exact mate to the Confederate spur that Nita and I found at the cabin about a year ago. The two are pictured together above.

Quite rare to recover, gilted, date, John Breckinridge for President – Joseph Lane for Vice President, presidential campaign token.